Monday, May 25, 2020
As BronfenbrennerÃ¢â¬â¢s Bioecological Model suggests, the nuclear family typically provides the first and most important environment in the childÃ¢â¬â¢s early development (Siegler, Eisenberg, DeLoache, Saffran, Graham, 2014). However, due to its strong influence on the child and to the intensity of early attachments, any disruptions to the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s structure threatens to trigger a series of Ã¢â¬Å"risk factorsÃ¢â¬ that most children are not equipped to handle (Kostelnik, Soderman, Whiren, Rupiper, Gregory, 2012). Amongst these disruptions, parental divorce and family reconstitution present stressful and disturbing challenges for children. Young children Ã¢â¬âin particular five years and youngerÃ¢â¬â are in greater risk of failing to cope with such circumstances, as their cognitive and social development has not yet provided them with the necessary mechanisms to understand and handle the complexities of the circumstances (Elliott Richards, 1991; Kostelnik et al ., 2012). Under these events parental support becomes vital, and an array of tools that parents can use to help their children to successfully navigate these difficult situations is available. In many countries, picture books addressing divorce, remarriage, and stepfamilies are often used as effective useful venues to aid children cope with these stressful situations (Mo, 2007). In light of these statements, and using the impact of Ã¢â¬Å"family conflict and marital dysfunctionÃ¢â¬ in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s emotional development as a framework (Kostelnik etShow MoreRelatedThe Decline Of The Nuclear Family1084 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDecline of the Nuclear FamilyÃ¢â¬ In 1970, 40% of couples were married with children. 2013 marked a new low as only 19% of household were married with children. A nuclear family is usually described as a heterosexual marriage with the average of 2.5 children, became synonymous with the American dream philosophy in the mid-1940s. The nuclear family standard is rapidly on the decline in the United States. These declining number have a range of causes. The causes of the decline of the nuclear family are cohabitationRead MoreIs the Nuclear Family Universal?803 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIs the nuclear family universal? This essay will explore whether the nuclear family is in fact a universal sociological institution. The term universal means applicable to all cases, so, for this to be correct the nuclear family must be found in all families in every society. Nuclear family consist a husband and wife and one or more children, own or adopted, it is defined by Murdock and according to him, he believed that the nuclear family is a universal social grouping. FunctionalistRead MoreOutline Discuss the Function of Families in Contemporary Uk Society1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfunction of families in contemporary UK society The definition of the term Ã¢â¬ËfamilyÃ¢â¬â¢ has somewhat gone through radical changes over the past few decades in the UK, some 30 years ago a family was defined as being father, mother and children. Some referred to this as the Ã¢â¬Å"cereal box familyÃ¢â¬ as this was typically the type of family to be shown on television commercials for cereal. This stereotype is more correctly known as the nuclear family, however changes over the years has meant that this Ã¢â¬Å"nuclear familyÃ¢â¬ Read MoreInfluence of Nuclear Family to Development of Antisocial Behaviour795 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction A nuclear family is a family comprising of parent(s) and children. This model of family is an important aspect in modeling the future of the children. It is within the family environment that a child learns the art of socialization. The family is the first teacher of any child. Therefore, the family a child grows in has a major part to determine how a child will turn out to be later in life. A child is a product of his/her family. There has been a major evolution of the structureRead MoreThe Decline Of The Nuclear Family932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDecline of the Nuclear Family In college classes, the traditional nuclear family is defined as a family consisting of one or both parents and their dependent children in a single family unit without any extended relatives (Kendall, 2013). Some sociological perspectives suggest that any departure from what is known as the Ã¢â¬Å"traditional,Ã¢â¬ or nuclear, family indicates a social problem, while others maintain that the definition of family has simply evolved beyond the nuclear family. Some even suggestRead MoreThe Debate of Bigger Families814 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesor small family Is it selfish to have more than two children? The decision about the number of children you will have is really important. This decision will not only affect the family it will also affect the society and the environment. Parents have more than two children do not pay attention to the problems that their children will face in the future. They are proud of having an extended family instead of thinking about the future. People now realize the value of having a nuclear family. MarkedlyRead MoreThe Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family954 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family The pre- industrial family was said to be an extended family consisting of three generations, the children, parents and the grandparents. The family would all work together in the farms to help provide for the entire families needs, children as young a 5 or 6 would have been found work to do. However this was until the Industrial revolution when factories become the main source of work and developmentRead MoreUsing Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess Sociological Explanations of the Nature and Extent of Family Diversity Today.1596 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessociological explanations of the nature and extent of family diversity today. Family diversity is the idea that there are a range of different family types, rather than a single dominant one like the nuclear family. It is associated with the post-modernists idea that in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society increasing choice about relationships is creating greater family diversity. Item A makes clear that different sociologists Ã¢â¬Ëare divided over both the extent of family diversity and its importanceÃ¢â¬â¢. The FunctionalistsRead MoreThe Nuclear Family910 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesidea of the nuclear family was highly valued in the American culture during the 1950s, where romantic love was the central reason for marriage in America; however, love in modern America is not enough to make a marriage last. Likewise, the 1950s was the time for many American marriages to undergo many socioeconomic changes including the rise of the gender minority in the workplace. Due to these developments, marriage is under enormous socioeconomic pressures have given the rise to family structuresRead MoreAssessment of the Usefulness of Functionalism in Understanding the Family1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUsefulness of Functionalism in Understanding the Family Functionalism is a structuralist theory. This means it sees the individual as less important as the social structure of society. It is a Ã¢â¬Ëtop downÃ¢â¬â¢ theory. The family can be defined as an intimate domestic group composed of people related to each other by blood, sexual relations and legal ties. When assessing how useful functionalism is when looking at the family, other views/perspectives need to be taken into
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Introduction The Nigerian Civil War, 1967 Ã¢â¬â 1970, was an ethnic and political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the South-eastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed republic of Biafra. The war became notorious for the starvation in some of the besieged war-bound regions, and the consequent claims of genocide made by the largely Igbo people of those regions. Causes of the Conflict The conflict was the result of serious tensions, both ethnic and religious, between the different peoples of Nigeria. Like most modern African nations, Nigeria was an artificial construct, put together by agreement between European powers, paying little regard to historical African boundaries or population groups. The Nigeria whichÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Alliance of North and West won a crushing victory under Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, amid claims of widespread electoral fraud. Military Coup The claims of fraud led to a military coup on January 15, 1966 by left-leaning junior Army officers mostly majors and captains. This coup led to the accession of General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, the head of the Nigerian Army, as head of state of Nigeria. This coup benefited mostly the Igbos because most of the coup plotters were Igbos and Ironsi, an Igbo, promoted many Igbos in the Army at the expense of Yoruba and Hausa officers. On the 29th of July 1966, the Northerners executed a counter-coup. This coup was led by Lt. Col. Murtala Muhammed. It placed Lt. Col. Yakubu Gowon into power. Ethnic tensions due to the coup and counter-coup increased and led to the large-scale massacres of Christian Igbos living in the Muslim north. The discovery of large quantities of oil in the south-east of the country had led to the prospect of the south-east becoming self-sufficient and increasingly prosperous. However the exclusion of easterners from power made many fear that the oil revenues would be used to benefit areas in the north and west rather than their own. All these factors led to a growing pressure in the Igbo east for secession. BreakShow MoreRelatedGame Of Success Tom : The Nigerian Biafra War, Nigeria s Civil War1549 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGame of Success TOM: The Nigerian-Biafra War, NigeriaÃ¢â¬â¢s Civil War. The inner conflict between the Biafra region and the mainland Nigerian government began approximately seven years after gaining independence from the British on October 1st, 1960. The Nigerian Civil War also known as the Nigerian-Biafran War plummeted the country through three years of unmitigated bloodshed with a death toll of over a million people. The war initiated by the succession of the southeastern region on May 30thRead MoreCivil Wars in Western Africa: Nigeria, Sierra Leone1743 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstates, which is a laymanÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of civil war. The scholarly definition of a Civil war is a war between organized groups within a state. Since the end of WWII, there has been a total of 122 Civil wars ranging from the Greek Civil war in 1946 to the Syrian civil war that is happening as of today. A civil war is not an entity seen only in the underdeveloped countries of the world, and superpowers like the United States and Russia have experienced civil wars in t heir past. Due to the fact that conflictsRead MoreThe Biafra Election In Nigeria1213 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthis crisis, various ethno-nationalist groups have emerged in the Nigerian political arena in an attempt to win the zero-sum game for power. The movement for an autonomous Biafra is one of them, even if it is a heterogeneous group made of different organisations with clashing ideas and political agendas. Nonetheless, these sub-factions share some common beliefs: that the Igbo people have been brutally killed during the Nigerian civil war (1967-1970); that the collapse of the secessionist Republic ofRead MoreNigeria Biafra Civil War2367 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages| Realism, Power and the Nigerian Civil War | | 211540478 | Ntsika Nduli | 3/15/2013 | | International Relations is a field of politics that takes a look at the interactions that occur in between states in the international arena. Its aim is to explain why certain events have unfolded in certain ways, as a result of how states use their power relatively to each other. Mostly the interactions that International Relations tries to examine or explain, is the conflicts that arise asRead MoreThe Declaration Of Biafra Speech1428 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPrime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom respectively. The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Nigerian-Biafra War, 6 July 1967Ã¢â¬â15 January 1970, was a political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the south eastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed Republic of Biafra. The conflict was the result of economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria. The war cost the Igbos a great deal in terms of lives, money and infrastructureRead MoreAnalyzing The Processes Of Decolonization And Early Post Colony1402 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdecolonization and early post-colony in Africa is a complex task. Especially when looking through the perspective of different nations that each followed their own path. Chinua AchebeÃ¢â¬â¢s There was a Country and Ngugi Wa ThiongÃ¢â¬â¢oÃ¢â¬â¢s Dreams in a Time of War, are both exceptional novels that grapple with the social and political struggles going on in their respective countries. They also help explore the complexities of nation building a s well as political conflicts expression in communal form. On one handRead More Is American Patriotism Also Blind Patriotism? Essay1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestimes of war. Governments often use propaganda about nationalism to advocate their political views of the hostilities. Sometimes they even force patriotism on their constituents with fear-mongering techniques, which can have dangerous implications. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not to say that patriotism is inherently badÃ¢â¬âmany wars have been won for just causes because of it. However, it is a mistake to only think of war at a national level. There are devastating effects on the soldiers, families, and victims of war hostilitiesRead MoreThe Conflict Between Tradition And Western Influence On Nigeria1665 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesworth considering. But one aspect of Nigeria has proven itself to be rich, transformative, and long-lasting: literature. Nigeria has produced rich literature that shows the conflict between tradition and western infl uence as well as dividing war. Further, Nigerian literature answers to this clash with a call to reconciliation and balance of the two. A brief look into the history of Nigeria would be beneficial before considering the literary culture and history of the country. Nigeria contains the greatestRead MoreThe Effects of Petroleum Business on Nigeria1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmost affluent and efficient producer of sweet oil, so here we see that it would make sense for the larger countries and corrupt government to control the exportation and income in this sector. The United States remain todayÃ¢â¬â¢s largest importer of Nigerian crude oil, this also accounts for 40% of the countries totalÃ¢â¬â¢s oil exports. This shows that the US has a lot of power in the decision-making process, and influences on the political entities that control the crude reserves in Nigeria. OffshoreRead MoreThe Social Movements And Protests Of Africa1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdown of both military and single-party state as well as civil wars prevailing in most countries in Africa. Women movements are very keen during this era of which the Ã¢â¬Å"Women of Liberia Mass Action for PeaceÃ¢â¬ movement is an example. The effort of women in Liberia was seen in their struggle with two different radicalsÃ¢â¬â¢ bodies which involved the President Taylor and the Rebels in trying to end the decades of civil war in the country. The series of wars in the Liberian history resulted in thousands of deaths
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Hooded Americanism: The First Century of the Ku Klux Klan: 1865 to the Present by David Chalmers records the history of the Ku Klux Klan quite bluntly, all the way from its creation following the civil war, to the early 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. The author starts the book quite strongly by discussing in detail many acts of violence and displays of hatred throughout the United States. He makes a point to show that the Klan rode robustly throughout all of the country, not just in the southern states. The first several chapters of the book focus on the KlanÃ¢â¬â¢s creation in 1865. He goes on to discuss the attitude of many Americans following the United StateÃ¢â¬â¢s Civil War and how the war shaped a new nation. The bulk of the book is used to go through many ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The lack of personal emotion from the author leads to this book being very dry. Although the sentences in the book were clear cut without any unnecessary adjectives or emphasis, they were very long a nd included technical words. Since this book is mainly a summary of dates and facts, the passive voice is utilized to avoid repetition of words and titles. Hooded Americanism was very well-researched, and could be looked upon as more of a text-book than and novel that one would read for entertainment. David Chalmers has written many books in the political science genre, but Hooded Americanism was the first book that he wrote that was meant to be a reference. Anyone that wants to travel into one of the darkest areas of our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s history would enjoy reading this book. Readers that want the facts and truth behind the Klan, and are not satisfied with only seeing the negative image that the media has portrayed of the Klan, should read this book. The book was clearly written for an adult audience. Towards the end of the book, David Chalmers goes into detail when describing various acts of violence that the KKK performed. For example, in chapter forty-five, the author desc ribes floggings of African Americans, and burning of Jewish synagogues. Without these detailed accounts though, the author would have been unsuccessful in his purpose for writing. When reading, it became apparent that ChalmersShow MoreRelatedThe Resurgence Of The Kkk944 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCivil War. Ku Klux Klan quickly mobilized as a vigilante group to intimidate Southern African American, anybody else who would help African Americans, and to prevent them from taking advantage of the basic civil rights. Along with fighting for pure Americanism, the organization was composed entirely of white, Anglo-Saxon, Christian American citizens that were both males and females, who believed that their race and religion were overly superior to those of people of other colors and religions. By theRead MoreEssay on The Klu Klux Klan2473 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesthe great increase in growth of the group and decided to have a national convention to help maintain order within the group. The Ku K lux Klan National Convention was held in April of 1867 at the Maxwell House Hotel in Nashville, Tennessee. (Hooded Americanism, p.9) Here the Grand Cyclops from all the dens met to discuss and set the general guidelines for the Ku Klux Klans different dens across the United States, and the group also set specific rules for members. Also at the convention the groupRead MoreTheu.s. Ku Klux Klan Essay2443 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesConfederate soldiers. Initially, the group was started as a fraternity or social club, but it rapidly progressed into a vigilante group whose goal was to intimidate Southern blacks and anyone that was accused of assisting them. The men would wear white hooded disguises to represent the ghosts of fallen Confederate soldiers, and then ride their horses throughout the town after dark, freed slaves were particularly troubled by these antics and the group saw this as an opportunity to consider expansion. AfterRead MoreRacism and the Ku Klux Klan Essay1663 Words Ã | Ã 7 Pagesestablishment of a new Ku Klux Klan, which spread throughout the nation and preached anti-Catholic, anti-Jewish, anti-black, antisocialist, and anti-labor-union Americanism (87). Harrel stated that the Klans two million adherents exercised great political power, often taking the law into their own hands, mobs of white-robed, white-hooded men punished immorality and terrorized un-American elements (88). The Klan erupted as a secret organization employing its secrecy to misleadRead MoreThe Kkk Klan Klux Klan1860 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesgov/exhibits/naacp/founding-and-early-years.html. NAACP: A Century in the Fight for FreedomThe New Negro Movement. The New Negro Movement. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2015. http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/naacp/the-new-negro-movement.html. Chalmers, David M. Hooded Americanism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1967. The Klu Klux Klan in the 1920s. PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2015. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/flood-klan/. Palmer, Brian. Klu Klux Kontraction. Slate. N.p
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Donald E. Crawford U. S History June 10, 2009 The Attacks of the World Trade Centers Over 200,000 tons of steel, 425,000 cubic yards of concrete, a total of 10,000 workers and 7 years, 2 buildings were created known as the World Trade Centers. Its more than its signature twin towers: it was a complex of seven buildings on 16-acres with its own zip code (10048). The construction of the buildings began in 1966 and was completed in April 1973, with the North tower opening 2 years prior of the South. They both consist of 110 floors, and were ranked as the tallest buildings in the world until the Sears Towers was built in 1974. The towers were built downtown-lower Manhattan Development Association by Chase Manhattan Bank chairman David Rockefeller who believed that the towers would benefit the city. Although the towers were a complete accomplishment 60 workers died during the construction. There were 43,600 windows and 99 elevators that can carry about 55 people with a 10,000 pound capacity and can travel up to 27 feet per second. The towers contained 430 businesses from 26 different countries and held up to 5,000 office workers. It had 6 basements and 3 Subway railway stations. Five different channel news stations were also in the Towers along with medical centers and banks. Many restaurants were also included in both Towers. Williams 2 Friday, February 26, 1993 was the date of the first attack on the Twin Towers. It all started with a man named Ramzi Yousef who was trying to be known for the best designer of explosives. Ramzi went to college for electrical engineering and then attended Al Qaeda training camps in a region between Pakistan and Afghanistan, where he learned the advantages and disadvantages of firearms and explosives. His first major attack was the bombing of the World Trade Center. No one really knows or have a clue to what really caused Ramzi to attack, but all we know is that the attack was one of the worst attacks in the city of New York. On the morning of February 26, Ramzi drove a Raydar van (which he rented 2 days before) into the parking garage of one of the World Trade Center buildings. He then lit a 20-foot fuse bomb and quickly drove away. 12 minutes later the bomb exploded and instantly cut off the main electrical power line in the tower. The bomb was so powerful that the smoke rose up to the 93rd floor in the tower. It was very difficult to evacuate the people in the towers due to the fact that the smoke was very thick in the halls and the stairways. Many wondered what was going on and all was terrified and confused into why the building was smoking. Not being able to see caused a lot of people being trapped inside the tower longer than others. A group of 17 kindergartners were trapped in the elevators along with hundreds of other people amongst both towers. people were killed and 1,042 were injured altogether during the process of trying to evacuate. Most of the people injured were on the lower floors because they were Williams 3 right above the garage. The explosion damaged the garage badly but didnÃ¢â¬â¢t cause the towers to collapse. RamziÃ¢â¬â¢s original plan was to bomb the first tower so it can fall into the second tower, killing thousands of people and destroying both towers. Many wondered why he attacked at a time that was less crowed than usual. Surprisingly the towers took less than a month to be repaired, cleaned, and back in business. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t long before everything went back to normal and the minor tragedy faded out of societyÃ¢â¬â¢s memory. It wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be until 8 years later that AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes would be reopened. Tuesday, September 11, 2001, seemed like a pretty average day until 8:46 a. m. , something tragic happen that will change every American. American Airlines Flight 11 leaving Boston crashed into the North Tower between the 96th and the 103rd floor, killing all 92 passengers, including the 9 flight attendants and both pilots. Just 15 minutes later, United Airlines Flight 175 crashed into the South Tower on the 80th floor killing 65 passengers. When the first plane crashed, thousands of people who were on the 96th floor or above were killed instantly. Although the 106th floor wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t hit, everyone above that floor was also killed, due to the fact that their escape routes were cut off by fire. Most people jumped out the windows because there was nothing else to do nor was there anywhere to go. After witnessing the plane hit the first tower, people in the second tower began to fear for their lives and try to escape, but they were told to stay at their desks thinking that their uilding wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be Williams 4 attacked, but little did they know moments later they were hit. Although the North Tower was hit first, the South Tower had collapsed less than in hour later, due to the fact that it was hit lower. All firefighters, soldiers, police officers and everyone else who was trying to escape were crushed. Exactly 29 minutes later, the North Tower joined its twin as it crashed onto the ground killing hundreds and thous ands of people that was in and around both towers. People on the ground were running for their lives as clouds of debris and smoke covered the streets of lower Manhattan. Due to the fact that the Twin Towers was big, no one really knows exactly how many people were dead, but they were able to estimate that about 2,985 people were dead or missing, including the 19 hijackers. The North Tower has been estimated to have killed almost 1,402 people, and the South 614 people. There were mostly people between the ages of 35 and 39 that died. About 3,051 children lost their family members. 89 bodies were found and 19,858 body parts were found. The attack also destroyed 98 vehicles, and 99 days after the attack the fire continued to burn. Of all the people who were still in the towers when they collapsed, only 20 were pulled out alive. Over the next 8 months, the New York Fire Department was divided into four groups and was assigned to organize, clean-up, and search for survivors and human remains. 1. 8 million tons of debris was removed from the disaster site and it cost almost 600 million dollars to clean all of it up. Lots of people thought that it would take over a year to clean up all of the debris left by the towers, but Williams 5 they were finished by May 30, 2002 without any workers being seriously injured. May 2006 was the re-opening of The World Trade Center. The attack on the World Trade Center was a horrendous action towards the United States that affected all Americans. Thousands of people died on September 11, and those people will be forever remembered. In the beginning, the attack was believed to be an attack by terrorists. The United States government told its people that terrorists from the Middle East maliciously hijacked planes and crashed them into the heart of New York City. There is much footage of the plane crashes, leaving a mental scar in the brains of the witnesses. While many believe that what the government is telling them is true, my opinion differs. I honestly donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that terrorists from the Middle East attacked the United States. On the contrary, I believe that the United States is behind the 9/11 attack. It seems very strange how the building collapsed. The planes were crashed into the World Trade Center very high above the ground; the crashes were about the same position in both buildings. It makes very little sense how two buildings would collapse, from the foundation up, when the damage was clearly above the ground. I believe the United States used the Middle East as a scapegoat. The US government needed an excuse to invade the Middle East because Saddam Hussein has been a problem to the US for decades. When the government had their reason, they invaded the Middle East in search for Saddam.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Sarah We moved to a small town where my husband was assigned as aminister to a local congregation. I was unpacking one day when thephone rang. A voice on the other end said, Your name was given tome as a possibility for a mentor in our school. Knowing very few peoplein town, I tried to imagine who might have volunteered me for this. Realizing the lady was waiting for an answer, I replied, Let me thinkabout it and call you back. I returned to my unpacking, but my mind was busy going over all thereasons I couldnt be a mentor. I wasnt even a parent, so how couldI work with kids. I wouldnt know what to do. I dont really have thetime. What if the child didnt like me? My list of excuses (uh, I meanreasons) was growing by the minute and I did a pretty good job oftalking myself out of it. We will write a custom essay sample on Sad Story Essay or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Suddenly a thought entered my mind. Connie, do you remember all thepeople that have taken time for you over the years? I knew this hadcome from God, certainly not from me, as I was too busy being selfishat the time. Faces of family, friends, teachers, and coworkers crossed my mindand all that theyd sacrificed to help me. I was a shy child and Godplaced many loving, patient people along my lifes journey. He knewwho I would need at various points to help me through that particularperiod of my life. Could I do any less for someone else? I was still hesitant, but placed a call to the school and agreed to bea mentor. The lady in the office said, I have a fourth grade girl whoreally needs some help. Just sign in at the school office and we askthat you come one hour each week. The only other things I knew wereher name, Sarah, and that she came from a poor home situation. I was nervous as I arrived for our first mentoring session. I was shownto Sarahs classroom and introduced to her. A room down the hall wasavailable for us to meet in and off we went. I sensed this was going tobe a long hour. Nothing prepared me for what happened that day. Wanting to put Sarah at ease, I said, Let me tell you a little aboutmyself and then you can tell me about yourself. So, I rattled offsome facts and then waited for her to talk. Total silence greeted me. Her long hair hung across her face and she didnt even look at me whenI was talking. We sat in silence for a few minutes and it soon becameobvious she wasnt going to share any information about herself. I hadto think of something quick. Questionswasnt that how you got information from others? Tell meabout your family. When that didnt get any response, I tried, Whatare your favorite subjects in school? Then I ventured, Do you haveany favorite foods? Nothing. Not even a faint shrug of her shoulders. All my fears that I would fail at this came rushing in at once. Howcould I help a child when she wouldnt even speak to me? Not knowing what else to do I said, Why dont we go back to youclassroom? She almost bolted from the room and was down thehall and back in her class before I could even say good-by to her. I prayed about this over the next week and decided to give it alittle more time. I went back over the next several weeks and the scene wasrepeated over and over. I asked questions; she sat in silence. Her teacher assured me Sarah was benefiting from these sessions,but I failed to see what good I was doing. Then one week,something different happened. I had just asked Sarah another question when she looked at meand said, You ask too many questions. After I recovered fromthe shock of hearing her speak, I told her that one way to get meto stop asking questions was for her talk. From that time on, webegan to make progress in our relationship. Bit by bit, she began to share about herself. I want to be a beauticianwhen I graduate from high school, she would often tell me. Sincemost of her family never went beyond ninth or tenth grade, this wassurprising to hear from her. We celebrated such things as improvedgrades and the fact that she was becoming more assertive in expressingherself. On the rare occasion when Id see her parents, they would tellme that Sarah talked about me all the time. I was thrilled to watch herblossom and I hoped that one day we might even be able to talk aboutChristianity. Sarah knew that I was a pastors wife, but I did bring up matters offaith with her as I didnt feel that was my role with her in that setting. As we grew more comfortable with each other, she would occasionallymention church, but nothing deeper. Sarah surprised me one day by greeting me with, Can I call you onthe phone sometime? I was pleased she felt that safe with me andagreed she could call once a week. When she did call, there wouldbe a period of silence and then Id hear, Hi, followed by more silence. After some discussion about how to have a telephone conversation,she began to be more at ease on the phone and would sometimeschat with me as if we were girlfriends. The staff at school couldntbelieve she was calling me and sharing herself so freely. Sarah and I began our relationship when she was in the fourth gradeand continued till she was in high school. We moved at that time,but I still got the occasional phone call from her to fill me in on whatwas happening. One day I received a very special call from Sarah. In numerous phone calls Sarah had mentioned that she was goingto a church near where she lived. I had encouraged her to keepdoing so, but really hadnt pushed her to make any kind of commitment. In one of her last phone calls to me she stated, I went forward atchurch and accepted Christ last Sunday and was baptized. Whata joyous announcement that was to hear! I havent heard from Sarah in quite some time, but she is always inmy heart and my prayers. Sometimes I reflect on the fact thatI almost didnt take the time to be a mentor to Sarah, it grievesme to think that I thought there was no time in my life to help her. I pray that Sarahs life will continue to move in positive directionsbecause of our relationship. She certainly blessed my life. I hope you will consider giving of your time and talents to a childin need. Please let a child know that someone believes in them. I think of it as an investment in our future. Be a mentor! I wonder where would I be today without the support of somany wonderful people. And, where would this child be if I hadnt taken. . . Connie L. Coppings The old fisherman Our house was directly across the street from the clinic entrance of Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. We lived downstairs and rented the upstairs rooms to out-patients at the clinic. One summer evening as I was fixing supper, there was a knock at the door. I opened it to see a truly awful looking man. Why, hes hardly taller than my eight-year-old, I thought as I stared at the stooped, shriveled body. But the appalling thing was his face lopsided from swelling, red and raw. Yet his voice was pleasant as he said, Good evening. Ive come to see if youve a room for just one night. I came for a treatment this morning from the eastern shore, and theres no bus til morning. He told me hed been hunting for a room since noon but with no success. No one seemed to have a room. I guess its my face I know it looks terrible, but my doctor says with a few more treatments For a moment I hesitated, but his next words convinced me. I could sleep in this rocking chair on the porch. My bus leaves early in the morning. I told him we would find him a bed, but to rest on the porch. I went inside and finished getting supper. When we were ready, I asked the old man if he would join us. No thank you. I have plenty. And he held up a brown paper bag. When I had finished the dishes, I went out on the porch to talk with him for a few minutes. It didnt take long time to see that this old man had an oversized heart crowded into that tiny body. He told me he fished for a living to support his daughter, her five children, and her husband, who was hopelessly crippled from a back injury. He didnt tell it by way of complaint. In fact, every other sentence was preface with a thanks to God for a blessing. He was grateful that no pain accompanied his disease, which was apparently a form of skin cancer. He thanked God for giving him the strength to keep going. At bedtime, we put a camp cot in the childrens room for him. When I got up in the morning, the bed linens were neatly folded and the little man was out on the porch. He refused breakfast. But just before he left for his bus, haltingly, as if asking a great favor, he said, Could I please come back and stay the next time I have a treatment? I wont put you out a bit. I can sleep fine in a chair. He paused a moment and then added, Your children made me feel at home. Grownups are bothered by my face, but children dont seem to mind. I told him he was welcome to come again. On his next trip he arrived a little after seven in the morning. As a gift, he brought a big fish and a quart of the largest oysters I had ever seen. He said he had shucked them that morning before he left so that theyd be nice and fresh. I knew his bus left at 4:00 a. m. and I wondered what time he had to get up in order to do this for us. During the years he came to stay overnight with us, there was never a time that he did not bring us fish or oysters or vegetables from his garden. Other times we received packages in the mail, always by special delivery fish and oysters packed in a box with fresh young spinach or kale every leaf carefully washed. Knowing that he must walk three miles to mail these, and knowing how little money he had made the gifts doubly precious. When I received these little remembrances, I often thought of a comment our next-door neighbor made after he left that first morning. Did you keep that awful looking man last night? I turned him away! You can lose roomers by putting up such people! Maybe we did lose roomers once or twice. But oh! If only they could have known him, perhaps their illness would have been easier to bear. I know our family will always be grateful to have known him. From him, we learned what it was to accept the bad without complaint and the good with gratitude to God. Recently I was visiting a friend who has a greenhouse. As she showed me her flowers, we came to the most beautiful one of all a golden chrysanthemum, bursting with blooms. But to my great surprise, it was growing in an old dented, rusty bucket. I thought to myself, If this were my plant, Id put it in the loveliest container I had! My friend changed my mind. I ran short of pots, she explained, and knowing how beautiful this one would be, I thought it wouldnt mind starting out in this old pail. Its just for a little while, until I can put it out in the garden. She must have wondered why I laughed so delightedly, but I was imagining such a scene in heaven. Heres an especially beautiful one, God might have said when he came to the soul of the sweet old fisherman. He wont mind starting in this small body. All this happened long ago and now, in Gods garden, how tall this lovely soul must stand. Mary Bartels Bray Mother and Son My mom only had one eye. I hated her, she was such an embarrassment. My mom ran a small shop at a flea market. Sh e collected little weeds and such to sell, anything for the money we needed she was such an embarrassment. There was this one day during elementary school. I remember that it was field day, and my mom came. I was so embarrassed. How could she do this to me? I threw her a hateful look and ran out. The next day at school Your mom only has one eye?! and they taunted me. I wished that my mom would just disappear from this world so I said to my mom, Mom, why dont you have the other eye?! Youre only going to make me a laughingstock. Why dont you just die? My mom did not respond. I guess I felt a little bad, but at the same time, it felt good to think that I had said what Id wanted to say all this time. Maybe it was because my mom hadnt punished me, but I didnt think that I had hurt her feelings very badly. That night I woke up, and went to the kitchen to get a glass of water. My mom was crying there, so quietly, as if she was afraid that she might wake me. I took a look at her, and then turned away. Because of the thing I had said to her earlier, there was something pinching at me in the corner of my heart. Even so, I hated my mother who was crying out of her one eye. So I told myself that I would grow up and become successful, because I hated my one-eyed mom and our desperate poverty. Then I studied really hard. I left my mother and came to Seoul and studied, and got accepted in the Seoul University with all the confidence I had. Then, I got married. I bought a house of my own. Then I had kids, too. Now Im living happily as a successful man. I like it here because its a place that doesnt remind me of my mom. This happiness was getting bigger and bigger, when someone unexpected came to see me What?! Whos this?! It was my mother Still with her one eye. It felt as if the whole sky was falling apart on me. My little girl ran away, scared of my moms eye. And I asked her, Who are you? I dont know you!!! as if I tried to make that real. I screamed at her How dare you come to my house and scare my daughter! Get out here now! And to this, my mother quietly answered, oh, Im so sorry. I may have gotten the wrong address, and she disappeared. Thank good ness she doesnt recognize me. I was quite relieved. I told myself that I wasnt going to care, or think about this for the rest of my life. Then a wave of relief came upon me one day, a letter regarding a school reunion came to my house. I lied to my wife saying that I w as going on a business trip. After the reunion, I went down to the old shack, that I used to call a house just out of curiosity there, I found my mother fallen on the cold ground. But I did not shed a single tear. She had a piece of paper in her hand. it was a letter to me. My Son, I think my life has been long enough now. And I wont visit Seoul anymore but would it be too much to ask if I wanted you to come visit me once in a while? I miss you so much. And I was so glad when I heard you were coming for the reunion. But I decided not to go to the school. For you Im sorry that I only have one eye, and I was an embarrassment for you. You see, when you were very little, you got into an accident, and lost your eye. As a mother, I couldnt stand watching you having to grow up with only one eye o I gave you mine I was so proud of my son that was seeing a whole new world for me, in my place, with that eye. I was never upset at you for anything you did. The couple times that you were angry with me. I thought to myself, its because he loves me. I miss the times when you were still young around me. I miss you so much. I love you. You mean the world to me. My world shattered! Then I cried for the person who lived for me. My Mother. Passing Along A Little Spark Robby was 11 years old when his mother (a single mom) dropped him off for his first piano lesson. I prefer that students (especially boys! begin at an earlier age, which I explained to Robby. But Robby said that it had always been his mothers dream to hear him play the piano. So I took him as a student. Well, Robby began with his piano lessons and from the beginning I thought it was a hopeless endeavor. As much as Robby tried, he lacked the sense of tone and basic rhythm needed to excel. But he dutifully reviewed his scales and some elementary pieces that I require all my students to learn. Over the months he tried and tried while I listened and cringed and tried to encourage him. At the end of each weekly lesson hed always say, My moms going to hear me play someday. But it seemed hopeless. He just did not have any inborn ability. I only knew his mother from a distance as she dropped Robby off or waited in her aged car to pic k him up. She always waved and smiled but never stopped in. Then one day Robby stopped coming to our lessons. I thought about calling him but assumed, because of his lack of ability, that he had decided to pursue something else. I also was glad that he stopped coming. He was a bad advertisement for my teaching! Several weeks later I mailed to the students homes a flyer on the upcoming recital. To my surprise Robby (who received a flyer) asked me if he could be in the recital. I told him that the recital was for current pupils and because he had dropped out he really did not qualify. He said that his mom had been sick and unable to take him to piano lessons but he was still practicing. Miss Hondorf Ive just got to play! he insisted. I dont know what led me to allow him to play in the recital. Maybe it was his persistence or maybe it was something inside of me saying that it would be all right. The night for the recital came. The high school gymnasium was packed with parents, friends and relatives. I put Robby up last in the program before I was to come up and thank all the students and play a finishing piece. I thought that any damage he would do would come at the end of the program and I could always salvage his poor performance through my curtain closer. Well, the recital went off without a hitch. The students had been practicing and it showed. Then Robby came up on stage. His clothes were wrinkled and his hair looked like hed run an eggbeater through it. Why didnt he dress up like the other students? I thought. Why didnt his mother at least make him comb his hair for this special night? Robby pulled out the piano bench and he began. I was surprised when he announced that he had chosen Mozarts Concerto #21 in C Major. I was not prepared for what I heard next. His fingers were light on pianissimo to fortissimo from allegro to virtuoso. His suspended chords that Mozart demands were magnificent! Never had I heard Mozart played so well by a person his age. After six and a half minutes he ended in a grand crescendo and everyone was on their feet in wild applause. Overcome and in tears I ran up on stage and put my arms around Robby in joy. Ive never heard you play like that Robby! Howd you do it? Through the microphone Robby explained: Well Miss Hondorf remember I told you my mom was sick? Well, actually she had cancer and passed away this morning. And well. she was born deaf so tonight was the first time she ever heard me play. I wanted to make it special. There wasnt a dry eye in the house that evening. As the people from Social Services led Robby from the stage to be p laced into foster care, I noticed that even their eyes were red and puffy and I thought to myself how much richer my life had been for taking Robby as my pupil. No, Ive never had a protigi but that night I became a protigi of Robbys. He was the teacher and I was the pupil. For it is he that taught me the meaning of perseverance and love and believing in yourself and maybe even taking a chance in someone and you dont know why. (A footnote to this story) After serving in Desert Storm, Robby was killed in the senseless bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in April of 1995, where he was reportedly. playing the piano. And now, a footnote to the story. This story has been passed around by e-mail. It has not yet been proven to be a true story as no mention has been made of the exact name of the music teacher nor of the boy. The story proves that we all can make a difference. We all have thousands of opportunities a day to help realize Gods plan. So many seemingly trivial interactions between two people present us with a choice: Do we pass along a spark of the Divine? Special Delivery Sally jumped up as soon as she saw the Surgeon come out of the operating room, saying: How is my little boy? Is he going to be O. K.? When can I see him? The surgeon responded, Im sorry, we did all we could. Sally said, Why do little children get cancer, doesnt GOD care any more? GOD, where were you when my son needed you? The surgeon softly told her, One of the nurses will be out in a few minutes to let you spend time with your sons remains before its transported to the university. Sally asked that the nurse stay with her while she said good-bye to her son. As she ran her fingers through his thick red curly hair, the nurse said, Would you like a lock of his hair? Sally nodded yes. The nurse cut a lock of his hair and p ut it in a plastic bag and handed it to Sally. She gazed at her sonÃ¢â¬â¢s body as she spoke to the nurse. It was Jimmys idea to give his body to the university for study. He said it might help somebody else, and that is what he wanted. I said, no at first, but Jimmy said, Ã¢â¬ËMom I wont be using it after I die, maybe it will help some other little boy to be able to spend one more day with his motherÃ¢â¬â¢. My Jimmy had a heart of gold, always thinking of someone else and always wanting to help others if he could. Sally walked out of the Childrens Hospital for the last time now after spending most of the last 6 months there. She sat the bag with Jimmys things in it on the seat beside of her in the car. The drive home was hard and it was even harder to go into an empty house. She took the bag to Jimmys room and started placing the model cars and things back in his room exactly where he always kept them. She lay down across his bed and cried herself to sleep holding his pillow. Sally woke up about midnight and lying beside her on the bed, was a letter folded up. She opened the letter, it said: Dear Mom, I know youre going to miss me, but dont think that I will ever forget you or stop loving you because Im not around to say I LOVE YOU. Ill think of you every day mom and Ill love you even more each day. Some day we will see each other again. If you want to adopt a little boy so you wont be so lonely, he can have my room and my old stuff to play with. If you decide to get a girl instead, she probably wouldnt like the same things as us boys do, so you will have to buy her dolls and stuff girls like. Dont be sad when you think about me, this is really a great place. Grandma and Grandpa met me as soon as I got here and showed me around some, but it will take a long time to see everything here. The Angels are so friendly, and I love to watch them fly. Jesus doesnt look like any of the pictures I saw of Him, but I knew it was Him as soon as I saw Him. Jesus took me to see GOD! And guess what mom? I got to sit on GODS knee and talk to Him like I was somebody important. I told GOD that I wanted to write you a letter and tell you good-bye and everything, but I knew that wasnt allowed. God handed me some paper and His own personal pen to write you this letter with. I think Gabriel is the name of the angel that is going to drop this letter off to you. God said for me to give you the answer to one of the questions you asked Him about Ã¢â¬Å"Where was He when I needed him? Ã¢â¬ God said, The same place He was when Jesus was on the cross. He was right there, as He always is with all His children. Oh, by the way Mom, nobody else can see what is written on this paper but you. To everyone else, it looks like a blank piece of paper. I have to give God His pen back now, He has some more names to write in the Book Of Life. Tonight I get to sit at the table with Jesus for supper. Im sure the food will be great. I almost forgot to let you know now I dont hurt anymore, the cancer is all gone. Im glad because I couldnt stand that pain anymore and God couldnt stand to see me suffer the pain either, so He sent The Angel of Mercy to get me. The Angel said I was Special Delivery!
Monday, March 9, 2020
I. CURRENT SITUATION A. Financial Performance Ã¢â¬â Sun Microsystems has managed to have at least 10% sales growth over the last several years. Net revenue in fiscal 1998 increased to $9.7 billion, or 13% compared to $8.6 billion in fiscal 1997. Sun has one of the strongest balance sheets in the industry, with $822 million in cash in the bank. Revenues grew an average of 34.1% annually between 1988 and 1998. Approximately 49% of the total revenue was generated from outside the United States. Its net income grew 41% annually on average over the same time period. B. Strategic Posture 1. Mission Ã¢â¬â enable customers to create breakaway business strategies by using their network computing products, solutions, and services. Allow individuals or entire organizations to access information from anywhere to anything on any device. 2. Objectives Ã¢â¬â Sun would like a networked computing future driven by the needs and choices of the customer. It is a vision in which every man, woman, and child has access to the collective planetary wisdom that resides on the network. 3. Strategies a. Putting its expertise in high performance system design enabled the company to lower the price of advanced workstations and graphics technologies. b. Reach the ultimate goal of harnessing the Internet to stop Microsoft from swallowing them. c. Break MicrosoftÃ¢â¬â¢s cash cow, Microsoft Office. d. Improve, change, and implement several new business practices, processes, and a series of related information systems. e. Work extensively to transform SunÃ¢â¬â¢s product line in order to capitalize on networking. 4. Policies Ã¢â¬â One of any Java licenseeÃ¢â¬â¢s most significant contractual obligations was to pass the Java compatibility tests. These tests determine if a licenseeÃ¢â¬â¢s technology conformed to the Java specifications and APIs. II. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE A. Board of Directors: Scott McNealy, the CEO and Chairman of the Board of DirectorÃ¢â¬â¢s at Sun... Free Essays on SWOT Analysis - Sun Microsystems Free Essays on SWOT Analysis - Sun Microsystems I. CURRENT SITUATION A. Financial Performance Ã¢â¬â Sun Microsystems has managed to have at least 10% sales growth over the last several years. Net revenue in fiscal 1998 increased to $9.7 billion, or 13% compared to $8.6 billion in fiscal 1997. Sun has one of the strongest balance sheets in the industry, with $822 million in cash in the bank. Revenues grew an average of 34.1% annually between 1988 and 1998. Approximately 49% of the total revenue was generated from outside the United States. Its net income grew 41% annually on average over the same time period. B. Strategic Posture 1. Mission Ã¢â¬â enable customers to create breakaway business strategies by using their network computing products, solutions, and services. Allow individuals or entire organizations to access information from anywhere to anything on any device. 2. Objectives Ã¢â¬â Sun would like a networked computing future driven by the needs and choices of the customer. It is a vision in which every man, woman, and child has access to the collective planetary wisdom that resides on the network. 3. Strategies a. Putting its expertise in high performance system design enabled the company to lower the price of advanced workstations and graphics technologies. b. Reach the ultimate goal of harnessing the Internet to stop Microsoft from swallowing them. c. Break MicrosoftÃ¢â¬â¢s cash cow, Microsoft Office. d. Improve, change, and implement several new business practices, processes, and a series of related information systems. e. Work extensively to transform SunÃ¢â¬â¢s product line in order to capitalize on networking. 4. Policies Ã¢â¬â One of any Java licenseeÃ¢â¬â¢s most significant contractual obligations was to pass the Java compatibility tests. These tests determine if a licenseeÃ¢â¬â¢s technology conformed to the Java specifications and APIs. II. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE A. Board of Directors: Scott McNealy, the CEO and Chairman of the Board of DirectorÃ¢â¬â¢s at Sun...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Case Study of the Navy Marine Corps Intranet project (NMCI) project Management - Essay Example The case study analysis of the NMCI project shows that if the above measures are not put in place, there are likely chances of the project failing to meet its set goals and objectives. Introduction The term project is used to describe a set of linked activities or it can be precisely defined as a onetime activity with a well defined set of desired results (Hellriegel 2001). Some of the major features of a project include a definite start and finish, a time frame for completion, uniqueness as well as involvement of people on a temporary basis. Thus, for any project to be a success, project management plays a pivotal role in the implementation of the whole project. Against this background, this case study based essay seeks to critically analyse the project management practices and outcomes in the Navy Marine Corps Intranet (NMCI) project being executed by Electronic Data Systems (EDS). The essay is divided into three phases and it will be structured as follows: Phase one deals with a p reliminary scope statement, phase two deals with presentation of an analysis, critique and recommendations regarding the project management areas of estimating, quality and communication as they apply to NMCIÃ¢â¬â¢s performance and the third phase will deal with presentation of an analysis, critique and recommendations regarding the project management areas of risk management, scheduling and budgeting and project execution as they apply to the case of NMCI. An assessment of whether the project was a success from the stakeholdersÃ¢â¬â¢ perspective will be given at the end of the essay. Phase 1 The Preliminary Project Scope Statement is a framework or guideline that spells the main ideas and decisions to be made in the project and can be constantly reviewed to ensure compliance with the project goals set (Yeates & Cadle 1996). It documents all the requirements of the project as well as the boundaries within which the project will be implemented whereby there is a common understand ing between the project management team and the stakeholders involved. Thus, Ã¢â¬Å"the preliminary Project Scope Statement defines the project and establishes what must be accomplished at a high level,Ã¢â¬ (Elyse, PMP & CPHIMS 2006). The project objective in this case of NMCI is to build a single and seamless network. Against this background, EDS has managed to get a contract worth up to $9 billion to supply the US Navy and Marine Corps with a single, seamless network. Indeed, this is seen as the biggest government contract in the US. The other objective is that The Navy contract is being regarded as a pilot project for the way the military as a whole will run its IT in the future. In other words, this project seeks to create a situation whereby the Navy will be given the autonomy to manage its affairs with regards to its information and technology (IT) needs in the future. The project requirements include IT infrastructure in the form of computers, hardware as well as software that is required in executing this project. The project boundary is limited to EDS, the contractors, NMCI and the government of the US which is also a sponsor of the project. The project also assumes that EDS systems are intended to be fully operational by June 2003 which entails that the Navy will be ruled by the PC business in the years to come. Within the scope of this project, the major constraint likely to be encountered is related to cultural factors in the